R. William Johnstone served at the transportation protection employees of the Sept. 11 fee, and wrote this booklet to construct upon and complement the Commission's paintings. In its pages, he explains the aviation safeguard process failure on 9-11, makes use of that as a way for comparing post-9/11 transportation safeguard efforts, and proposes treatments to persevered shortcomings.9/11 and the way forward for Transportation protection is predicated on details initially supplied to the 11th of September fee, augmented through unpublished studies and a wealth of different fabric that has come to mild because the issuance of the Commission's personal file in July 2004. half One analyzes the aviation safeguard system's background and associations to give an explanation for why the procedure failed on September 11. half appears to be like at what has been performed in aviation and transportation protection in view that Sept. 11, together with the Commission's strategies and the congressional reaction to them. eventually and most importantly, half 3 outlines a instructed procedure for making improvements to present U.S. transportation safety. It starts with basic coverage questions that has to be replied if we're to optimize transportation safety efforts, and concludes with either underlying rules for motion and particular suggestions.
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Extra resources for 9 11 and the Future of Transportation Security
One possible answer would be the skills of these particular terrorists, and indeed their plan was nearly ﬂawless in taking advantage of the shortcomings in the antihijacking countermeasures then in place. However, their execution was far from perfect. S. government and airline authorities in ways that could have—and perhaps should have—exposed their plot. S. immigration system and the fact that two were on the State Department’s terrorist watch list (which the FAA had not been made aware of), seven of the nineteen were identiﬁed by the FAA’s CAPPS as potential threats to civil aviation based on their ticketing information, and an eighth (the ringleader, Atta) was selected for extra security attention through CAPPS’ random selection feature.
2. Partial implementation of full bag–passenger match on domestic ﬂights. (This measure, which had previously been applied overseas, was explicitly linked to the need to determine the presence of explosives in checked baggage. ) 3. Additional deployment of canine explosives-snifﬁng teams. ) 4. ) 5. Federal certiﬁcation of screening companies and minimum training requirements for screeners. 6. 23 However, the lack of more speciﬁc requirements and deadlines made it difﬁcult to gauge actual implementation.
5 Although recognizing that “the terrorist threat is changing and growing,” the Gore Commission generally ratiﬁed the existing system of shared and complementary responsibilities in civil aviation security and concluded that “because of its extensive interactions with airlines and airports, the FAA is the appropriate agency” to implement and oversee aviation security. ”6 In this same time period, Congress appeared to take some tentative steps to reevaluate and revise the organization of the civil aviation security system, but it too essentially accepted the basic, long-standing elements of that system.