By Gelina Harlaftis
Greek-owned delivery has been on the most sensible of the area fleet for the final 20 years. Winner of the 1997 Runciman Award, this richly sourced learn strains the improvement of the Greek tramp fleet from the mid-nineteenth century to the current day. Gelina Harlaftis argues that the luck of Greek-owned delivery in recent times has been a consequence now not of a couple of marketers utilizing flags of comfort within the Nineteen Forties, yet of networks and organisational buildings which date again to the 19th century. This research presents the main finished heritage of improvement of recent Greek transport ever released. it truly is illustrated with quite a few maps and images, and comprises broad tables of fundamental facts.
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Additional info for A History of Greek Owned Shipping: The Making of an International Tramp Fleet, 1830 to the Present Day (Maritime History)
Constantinople-Levant THE EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN AND BLACK SEA 37 2. Alexandria-Port Said-Jaffa-Beirut-Larnaca-Latakia-Alexandretta-Myrsine-LimassolSmyrnaSalonica-Piraeus Source: Sémaphore de Marseilles, 1860–1910 even rising participation of the Greeks in the trade (and particularly bulk trade) and shipping from the eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea during the second half of the nineteenth century. This chapter has examined the development and organisation of the sea-trade from the eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea to the western Mediterranean and northern Europe.
5 million tons. And the amount of tonnage that left the Bulgarian ports Varna and Burghaz in 1886 more than doubled in ten years. Together with the growth of shipping went improvements in port and shipping facilities. Harbours were constructed and dredged, and obstructions barring the entrances of rivers and straits were removed, thus greatly improving the navigability of the Black Sea. At the other end of the trade, the main recipient countries of the Black sea grain exports and ships were France and England, followed by Germany, Holland and Italy.
Manzavino S. Michaliziano L. Mussuri C. Palieso P. 3,138 128 164 210 300 100 126 201 136 117 135 200 53 THE EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN AND BLACK SEA 31 Name of master NRT % (A) Rossolimo C. Rossolimo Her. Rossolimo L. Travlo Ger. Vergotti G. Vergotti Sp. Vergotti Sp. Vlassopulo Eust. Vlassopulo G. Total Taganrog Source: Foreign Office (FO) 359/1 26 152 155 130 153 133 133 179 260 2,821 5,959 47 100 flag depended not only upon politics but also on economics—especially taxation —a phenomenon that continues to influence the use of twentieth century flags of convenience, such as Liberia or Panama.