Arsenic and Fluoride Contamination: A Pakistan Perspective by Abida Farooqi

By Abida Farooqi

This e-book provides an up to the moment review of arsenic and fluoride toxins of soil and groundwater in Pakistan. It comprises the author’s doctoral dissertation on Lahore as a case research and describes the mechanism of pollutants at the foundation of the findings in that sector. The publication highlights the concrete state of affairs in Pakistan – together with the severity of the matter, its future health results and the dangers posed to the folk residing in affected parts via those significant pollution– and issues out crucial study components that decision for fast realization. As such, it attracts recognition to the necessity for administration thoughts within the affected parts and provides a priceless reference paintings on Pakistan for college students and researchers alike.

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Sample text

There seems no appreciable trend of Arsenic concentration with respect to concentration of other physicochemical parameters except for small correlation between arsenic concentration and pH, EC, nitrate, chloride, total hardness and sodium does exist (Malana and Khosa 2011). In some areas the distribution of areas with high F− concentrations is characterized by sites having high levels of As, however, As and F fail to show any positive correlation suggesting that the two may have different sources but similar polluting paths (Farooqi et al.

Considering the adverse effects of As and F− on human health and increasing incidences of As and F− pollution in the world, Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources (PCRWR) and United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) has jointly carried out preliminary investigative studies for initial detection which led to detailed monitoring. Major programs in this regard are as following: 1. Northern Punjab phase-I and II (1999–2000) 2. National survey for As (2001) • effort of UNICEF, LG&RD, PCSIR and 3.

Org/handle/10986/5986. 0 IGO Woolson EA (1977) Fate of arsenicals in different environmental substrates. Environ Health Perspect 19:73–81 Ya Yudovich E, Ketris MP (2005) Arsenic in coal: a review. Int J Coal Geol 61:141–196 Yidana SM, Yakubo BB, Akabzaa TM (2010) Analysis of groundwater quality using multivariate and spatial analyses in the Keta basin, Ghana. J Afr Earth Sci 58:220–234 Young SM, Pitawala A, Ishiga H (2010a) Factors controlling fluoride contents of groundwater in north-central and northwestern Sri Lanka.

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