By J. J. Bikerman (Auth.)
Read or Download Surface Chemistry. Theory and Applications PDF
Best atomic & nuclear physics books
This quantity includes contributions protecting quite a lot of matters within the region of photonic, digital and atomic collisions. those comprise the collisions of heavy debris and electrons with atoms, molecules and clusters; the coherent keep watch over of response dynamics utilizing lasers and electromagnetic fields with molecules, clusters and beverages; fresh experimental growth within the synthesis of antihydrogen; the interplay of sunlight winds with cometary atmospheres, and the actual interpretation of reactions in organic platforms.
Hans Bethe obtained the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1967 for his paintings at the construction of power in stars. He helped to form classical physics into quantum physics and raise the certainty of the atomic tactics answerable for the homes of topic and of the forces governing the constructions of atomic nuclei.
Hans A Bethe bought the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1967 for his paintings at the construction of power in stars. A residing legend one of the physics group, he helped to form classical physics into quantum physics and elevated the knowledge of the atomic methods chargeable for the houses of topic and of the forces governing the buildings of atomic nuclei.
Filling the necessity for a publication bridging the impact of topic on X-ray radiation and the interplay of x-rays with plasmas, this monograph offers finished insurance of the subject. As such, it offers and explains such robust new X-ray assets as X-ray free-electron lasers, in addition to brief pulse interactions with solids, clusters, molecules, and plasmas, and X-ray topic interactions as a diagnostic device.
Additional info for Surface Chemistry. Theory and Applications
When the molecular composition of a liquid changes with temperature, surface tension may—-within a range of temperatures—be constant or even increase on heating. An increase is observed in some silicate melts , for instance, in CaO 37, Si0 2 63 weight % between 1570° and 1630°, and in many lead silicates . The vast majority of liquids has a 7 which monotonously decreases when temperature increases. Figure 27b shows this decrease for water between 5° and 35°. It is seen that the curve is almost a straight line.
Water, many alcohols, organic acids, fused salts and molten metals appear to have molecular weights which are too high and which in addition vary with temperature. These substances are—or have been—called anomalous. There are also substances known (for instance, dicetyl, tripalmitin and tristearin) for which equation (38) gives a molecular weight much below that corresponding to their chemical formula. If the molecular weights calculated from equation (38) are considered real, water, alcohols, metals and so on, are associated in the liquid state.
If two parallel plates are immersed vertically in a liquid which wets both, the rise of the liquid in the slit is easily calculated, provided the slit is narrow enough (Fig. 21). In this case the meniscus forms a very FIG. 21. Capillary attraction between two parallel plates, h is the height of the meniscus, and δ the distance between the plates. nearly cylindrical surface, of which one radius of curvature is infinitely large and the other is δ/2, δ being the distance between the plates. Equation (2) then gives the value 27/δ for the negative capillary pressure.