The Outbreak of the Civil War: A Nation Tears Apart by Heather Lehr Wagner

By Heather Lehr Wagner

On April 12, 1861, accomplice forces fired on federal troops stationed at citadel Sumter close to Charleston, South Carolina. With that, the Civil conflict had started. for almost 4 years, the clash that divided the us into North and South might engulf greater than three million american citizens and declare 620,000 lives. The warfare marked a defining element in American background, and its results are nonetheless felt at the present time. "The Outbreak of the Civil struggle" examines the criteria that led the country to conflict. on the center of those have been differing positions on slavery, states' rights, and the longer term form of the USA. The battles first waged in Missouri, in Kansas, in political events, within the ultimate court docket, and within the U.S. Senate set the degree for the violence that divided americans and led the us into civil warfare.

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In the South, any words of praise for Brown seemed to underscore the deepening divide within the nation. Fears of a slave rebellion were fanned by word of Brown’s ambitions, and white Southerners began to arm themselves for ­battle. John Brown’s raid on Harpers Ferry would prove to be yet another decisive step on the path to the Civil War. ”­4 The Dred Scott ­Decision The turmoil in Kansas and the question of slavery led to violence in many other places where the slavery issue inspired fierce emotions.

Scott ultimately sued for his freedom, arguing that, because slavery was outlawed in the free territory and state where he had lived for a time, he had become a free man ­there. The argument was initially supported by the Circuit Court of St. Louis, and then overruled by the Missouri Supreme Court. With the support of several prominent white abolitionists, Scott managed to get his case into federal court. There the argument changed: The case now became about whether a slave had the legal right to sue in a federal ­court.

I have read your speech twice over, carefully,” Brooks said. ”8 Brooks was carrying a cane, and he proceeded to lift the cane high in the air and then brought it down with all of his strength on Senator Sumner’s head. He continued to beat Sumner and, when the cane broke from the force of his blows, he kept hitting him with the splintered remains until blood covered the senator’s head and ­clothing. The beating continued until several men ran to Sumner’s aid. ”9 Sumner did not return to the Senate for three years.

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